All Projects

 

Title

Primary Investigators

Advancing the Use of Drought Early Warning Systems in the Upper Colorado River Basin

B. Livneh, L. Dilling, W. Travis, J. Lukas

Balancing Severe Decision Conflicts under Climate Extremes in Water Resource Management

L. Dilling, J. Kasprzyk, L. Kaatz

Climate and Flooding Project: Supporting Flood Planning in the Mountain West Region in the Context of Climate Change Impact, Future Growth and Migration

L. Dilling (WWA), M. Carmen-Lemos, S. Hughes, D. Van Berkel

Colorado River Basin Climate and Hydrology: State of the Science

J. Lukas, E. Payton

Decision Analysis for Climate Adaptation

W. Travis

Drought Planning on the Wasatch Front Using Paleo-Drought Information and Future Climate Projections

S. Arens

Dynamics of Drought Vulnerability Between Urban and Rural Communities

J. Henderson, L. Dilling, U. Rick, R. Morss and O. Wilhelmi

Expanding Water Sector Climate Preparedness in the Intermountain West Through Network-Based Learning

J. Arnott, J. Vano, M. Stults, B. Duncan

Extreme Precipitation Estimation Under Climate Change for Dam Safety

K. Mahoney, J. Lukas

Identify 'Hotspots' of Climate Change Impacts on Water Availability

B. Livneh

Identify ‘Hotspots of Vulnerability’ in the Mountain West Region

L. Dilling, N. Bennett

Identifying Alternatives to Snow-based Streamflow Predictions to Advance Future Drought Predictability

B. Livneh, J. Kasprzyk, B. Duncan

Integrating Hazard Mitigation Planning and Climate Planning in the Mountain West

S. Arens, R. Riley

Mapping Climate Services

E. McNie, A. Meadow

Sustained Climate Assessment in the U.S. Southwest (2017-2019)

B. Duncan, L. Dilling

Usability of Remotely Sensed Snowpack Data for Streamflow Forecasting and Water System Management

N. Molotch, J. Deems

Use of Potential Evapotranspiration to Predict Future Water Demand

S. Arens

VCAPS Project: Convening a series of climate adaptation workshops with communities in the Mountain West

L. Dilling, K. Clifford, J. Lukas, S. Arens, S. Ehret, J. Henderson, U. Rick, B. Duncan, R. Page, I. Rangwala


View Completed Projects

Advancing the Use of Drought Early Warning Systems in the Upper Colorado River Basin

Primary Investigators: B. Livneh, L. Dilling, W. Travis, J. Lukas
Other Investigators: N. Doesken, E. Kuhn, R. Page
Stakeholders: Water resource managers, drought information providers
Funding: NOAA Sectoral Applications Research Program (SARP)

Identifying opportunities to improve drought risk management by characterizing decision processes and assessing the robustness of snowpack drought indicators.

For the past several years, the NIDIS Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB) Drought Early Warning System (DEWS), led by the Colorado Climate Center, has provided regular webinars and a web resource to convey climate and water information to stakeholders throughout the basin, to help them anticipate and respond to droughts.

The DEWS service has been well received by users, but we lack a comprehensive picture of how water managers are using the drought indicators conveyed in the DEWS to make decisions about water resources. There may also be opportunities to improve the DEWS by incorporating new drought indicators, or conveying existing indicators in new ways.

We aim to advance the DEWS and strengthen drought risk management practices on Colorado’s Western Slope by providing a clearer understanding of the decision and risk management process for water entities facing drought; identifying barriers to introducing new indicators into the risk management process; and evaluating how the usefulness of drought indicators may be affected by climate change.

Working with several Western Slope water entities, the study team is conduct in-person interviews with key staff; observing meetings; and reviewing drought planning documents; and in the next phase, holding small-group discussions. We’ve asked participants about drought outcomes, what information they rely on to understand drought risk, and how they make decisions about drought.

We have also been conducting hydrologic model simulations to assess whether snowpack (e.g., April 1 SWE) and other drought indicators will continue to provide useful information under a changing climate, given the current drought management procedures. We will share initial simulation results with the participants in 2017 to guide additional analyses.

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Balancing Severe Decision Conflicts Under Climate Extremes in Water Resource Management

Primary Investigator(s): L. Dilling, J. Kasprzyk, L. Kaatz (Denver Water)
Other Investigator(s): R. Smith, K. Averyt, I. Rangwala, L. Basdekas (Colorado Springs Utilities)
Stakeholders: Denver Water, Colorado Springs Utilities, Northern Water Conservancy District, Aurora Water, City of Boulder Utilities, City of Fort Collins Utilities (collectively known as the Front Range Climate Change Group)

Exploring the utility of multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) for improving the ability of water utilities to identify viable adaptation strategies under climate extremes

Over the past several years there have been increasing calls for decision support tools in the area of climate, and acknowledgement that changing extremes add to an already challenging decision environment for water managers. Recurring droughts, floods, and concerns over extreme events in the future have created a strong interest among water managers in the Front Range of Colorado in how to plan for these extremes. Traditional methods of identifying alternatives for water supply management may not fully capture the range of existing preferred alternatives, meaning that utilities may miss some of the solutions that appropriately balance among tradeoffs. In this project, we have co-produced and are testing a newly developed multi-objective decision tool, balancing conflicting management objectives for water planning under climate extremes and determining how policy alternatives perform under severe climate uncertainty. In the past year, we have completed optimization runs with a complete model of the hypothetical Front Range water management context. We have developed performance objectives for the model and used CMIP3 and CMIP5 Bureau of Reclamation downscaled climate projections to develop climate scenarios to test the utility of the MOEA tool. We conducted a workshop to evaluate how water managers interacted with the tool and understand its use in potential future decisions. WWA collaborators contributed significant expertise in the design and conduct of the workshop. A dissertation project is being completed summarizing the results of these experiments and tool testing.

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Climate and Flooding Project: Supporting Flood Planning in the Mountain West Region in the Context of Climate Change Impact, Future Growth and Migration

Primary Investigator(s): L. Dilling (WWA); M. Carmen-Lemos, S. Hughes, and D. Van Berkel (GLISA)
Other Investigator(s): L. Woelders, L. Payton, B. Duncan
Stakeholders: Communities with high flooding risk in the WWA and GLISA regions

Cross-RISA collaborative modeling and stakeholder engagement to support inland flood planning

Flooding is the second deadliest weather-related hazard in the US and one of the most pressing issues for small and mid-sized cities in the Mountain West region. Climate change is projected to worsen flood impacts on cities in the coming decades. Flooding from extreme events in small and mid-sized cities can create long-lasting, damaging impacts to the economy, livelihoods and integrity of these towns. In the Mountain West region, the dual factors of increasing population growth and the high cost of housing in urban centers are putting pressure on cities to build new infrastructure, commercial real estate, or housing in higher risk locations—often in floodplains— because they may be the last remaining urban space that can accommodate development.

Yet, there has been relatively limited understanding of the interplay between population shifts (i.e. growth, decline, and stagnation), economic growth, policy governance, equity, and climate impact -- especially flooding -- in small and mid-sized cities in the Mountain West. These communities face difficult choices about how to shape their urban form to best manage flood risk in a changing climate. In addition, outdated design standards, lack of capacity to mitigate climate-related risks, and slow economic recovery pose a new set of challenges to these cities in the short and long-term.

WWA is collaborating with a partner RISA program, the Great Lakes Integrated Sciences and Assessments (GLISA), to conduct pilot work to test and co-develop a usable, spatially-explicit model of urban development in the context of flood patterns and existing socio-political variables for small and mid-sized cities across our two regions. Our overarching goal is to provide a tool that will help urban decision makers in small and mid-sized communities to make better informed decisions and consider tradeoffs in the face of changing demographics, patterns of socio-economic growth, and flood risk. The project will include modeling and data analysis, and workshops with communities in the Mountain West and Great Lakes regions.

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Colorado River Basin Climate and Hydrology: State of the Science

Lead Authors: Jeff Lukas (WWA) and Elizabeth Payton (WWA)

Navigating a river of knowledge

In recent decades, increasing water demand, dry conditions, and warming temperatures have impacted the Colorado River, creating greater uncertainty about the future of the basin’s water supply. With support and guidance from over a dozen federal, state, and local water agencies, WWA researchers teamed up with leading experts to integrate nearly 800 peer-reviewed studies, agency reports, and other sources to assess the state of the science and technical practice relevant to water resources in the Colorado River Basin.

Colorado River Basin Climate and Hydrology: State of the Science aims to create a shared understanding of the physical setting and the latest data, tools, and research underpinning the management of Colorado River water resources. In identifying both challenges and opportunities, the report will guide water resource managers and researchers in efforts to improve the short-term and mid-term forecasts and long-term projections for the basin's water system.

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Decision Analysis for Climate Adaptation

Primary Investigator(s): W. Travis
Other Investigator(s): A. McCurdy, T. Shrum
Stakeholders: Ranchers and others associated with the range livestock industry (e.g., ag extension specialists)

Development of simulation models and decision tools for drought adaptation

The adaptation decision analysis project seeks to analyze decision processes in climate-sensitive sectors and to build decision models that act as both research tools and decision aids. In this year, we put all of our focus on the western range livestock industry, aka ranching, the most extensive agricultural system in the American West. With assistance from the USDA Northern Plains Climate Hub, the WWA team finished building, and distributed two versions of the Drought Ranch Insurance Response (DRIR) model. Both include modules that calculate ranch outcomes with and without the USDA’s forage and range insurance, an index insurance product linked to NOAA’s gridded precipitation product. The spreadsheet version, which is easiest for producers to use, can be downloaded, along with instructions, from the WWA’s “Understanding and Monitoring Drought” webpages. An on-line version, written in the R coding language, was demonstrated on a NIDIS-sponsored webinar in May which also provided the URL for running it online. Next steps are to invite producers and others to test the drought response model via agricultural conferences and publications. The next research steps are to submit a paper describing the model for peer-reviewed publication and to set-up experimental trials to gather sufficient run samples to test hypotheses about the role of drought forecasts, insurance, and market conditions in rancher decision-making in the face of drought.

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Drought Planning on the Wasatch Front Using Paleo-Drought Information and Future Climate Projections

Primary Investigator(s): S. Arens
Stakeholders: Weber Basin Water Conservancy District, Utah Division of Water Resources and Utah State University
Partners: D. Johnson and D. Hess (Weber Basin Water Conservancy District), D. Rosenberg and J. Stagge (Utah State University), S. McGettigan, C. Hasenyager and A. Nay (Utah Division of Water Resources)

Drought contingency plan development for Weber Basin Water Conservancy District

Weber Basin Water Conservancy District (WBWCD) was awarded a grant in June 2016 from the US Bureau of Reclamation to develop a drought contingency plan. Arens received one month of salary from the grant award to develop future projections of Weber River streamflow. The project uses a RiverWare systems model of the Weber River Basin to explore how past and future droughts may impact water availability and reservoir storage in the Weber River Basin. WBWCD is a relatively junior water rights holder, despite providing water to several hundred thousand residents of the northern Wasatch Front. The project will use information derived from paleo-reconstructions of Weber River streamflow using tree rings to understand how droughts of the past could impact water availability in the Weber River Basin. Future Weber River streamflows were projected using the NOAA Colorado Basin River Forecast Center operational models. Information about past and future drought conditions in the Weber River Basin will be used to develop a drought contingency plan to help WBWCD prepare for future variability in Weber River water availability.

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Dynamics of Drought Vulnerability Between Urban and Rural Communities

Primary Investigator: J. Henderson, L. Dilling, U. Rick, R. Morss (NCAR) and O. Wilhelmi (NCAR)
Stakeholders: Water utilities, municipalities, and agricultural community along Arkansas River Basin

Understanding who and how populations are impacted by drought

As municipalities implement adaptation or mitigation plans based on past drought experience that improve their resilience, emergent and unexpected vulnerabilities can arise in response to these changes. They can happen immediately in response to water strategies or may be displaced in time or space (e.g. in rural communities months later). The goals of this project are threefold: 1) To understand the types of vulnerabilities to drought that water utilities, industries, agricultural producers, and municipal leaders are concerned about and plan for; 2) To trace the dynamic nature of vulnerabilities to drought that emerge between urban and adjacent rural communities as the implement drought plans; 3) To identify the triggers for emergent vulnerabilities that may be displaced across time and space in drought contexts. To meet these goals, the PI is interviewing representatives from each stakeholder group in sites along the Arkansas River Basin. Initial results suggest that stakeholders are well versed in the common vulnerabilities their sector faces, and even new resilient strategies that have emerged based on experiences with recent droughts (e.g. 2002 and 2012). However, many expressed surprise at some of the unanticipated outcomes in adjacent communities. This project will be extended to two other sites, in Utah and Wyoming, to better understand the range of stakeholder needs for better information about drought and climate information, new strategies for thinking about the interrelatedness between urban and rural communities, and tools that may help them better understand their own sector’s or community’s unique vulnerabilities and resilience strategies based on past experiences with drought.

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Expanding Water Sector Climate Preparedness in the Intermountain West Through Network-Based Learning

Primary Investigator: J. Arnott, J. Vano, M. Stults, B. Duncan
Stakeholders: Communities in the Intermountain West

Enhancing preparedness of water systems through peer learning networks

WWA is collaborating with researchers from Aspen Global Change Institute (AGCI) on a project to increase the preparedness of communities with snowmelt-dominated water systems in the Intermountain West region. This effort is building a network of communities that seek to build climate resilience, and climate information providers with expertise relevant to their information needs. Activities include workshops and other outreach with communities, evaluation of existing data and information portals, and development of a guide to select and navigate existing portals to increase communities’ ability to access and use climate information in decision-making processes.

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Extreme Precipitation Estimation Under Climate Change for Dam Safety

Primary Investigator(s): K. Mahoney, J. Lukas
Stakeholders: Colorado Division of Water Resources Dam Safety Program; New Mexico Office of the State Engineer, CO-NM REPS technical advisory board members and other stakeholders

Assessing the state of the science and practice in extreme precipitation estimation under climate change

The Colorado Division of Water Resources and the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer have identified and set as a priority the need to update their extreme precipitation estimates for use in the evaluation of spillway adequacy for dams in these states, based on the most modern methods and scientific understanding available. Due to similarities in geography and meteorology between Colorado and New Mexico, a cooperative, regional study (Colorado-New Mexico Regional Extreme Precipitation Study; CO-NM REPS) has been undertaken, the first instance of states combining resources and working collaboratively toward a solution to the problem. The project began in June 2016 and is scheduled to be completed in June 2018. Of particular concern in both states are questions about the physical limits on high-elevation rainfall amounts and the annual exceedance probability (AEP) of the extreme rainfall amounts used for spillway design. This has led to an innovative ensemble approach deploying three different methods to update extreme precipitation estimates. The CO-NM REPS does not seek to explicitly incorporate climate change influences in Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) estimates through any three approaches. Recognizing that the approaches may have limitations in characterizing future risk in a changing climate, the study’s sponsors have asked WWA to take stock of the state of the science and practice in PMP estimation and climate change in a white paper that will become an appendix of the study final report. An initial literature search and review was completed in spring 2017, and is currently being supplemented by a survey of the experts comprising the CO-NM REPS Technical Advisory Board.

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Identify 'Hotspots' of Climate Change Impacts on Water Availability

Primary Investigator(s): B. Livneh
Other Investigator(s): Graduate student
Stakeholders: Water utilities in the Intermountain West

Identifying ‘hotspots’ of increasing drought risk under climate change

The potential for large declines in streamflow in the western United States due to climate change presents an existential challenge for water management. The latest projections of climate and hydrology from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 (CMIP6) offer a window useful for identifying regions where shifts toward more frequent or more severe drought are likely. However, these raw projections are often at too-coarse a scale for impact assessment and also contain a number of other key uncertainties. The goal of this effort will be to identify hotspots of increased drought risk under climate change and to characterize the uncertainty in those risks.

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Identify ‘Hotspots of Vulnerability’ in the Mountain West Region

Primary Investigator(s): L. Dilling, N. Bennett
Other Investigator(s): O. Wilhelmi (NCAR)
Stakeholders: Underserved communities in Colorado, state agencies

Developing indicators of vulnerability to identify regional ‘hotspots’

WWA researchers will use GIS and social science techniques to develop a regional understanding of ‘hotspots of vulnerability’ and how they are viewed from different perspectives. The goal of this project will be to work with stakeholders in the Mountain West to develop a regional set of indicators that represent the various ways that they view vulnerability to extreme events and climate change. This project centers the priorities of justice and equity in considering community vulnerability. Our end goal is to lay the groundwork to develop a descriptive and interactive representation of climate-related vulnerability.

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Identifying Alternatives to Snow-based Streamflow Predictions to Advance Future Drought Predictability

Primary Investigator(s): B. Livneh, J. Kasprzyk, B. Duncan
Stakeholders: Water utilities; Water resource managers
Funding: NOAA MAPP Program

Working with utilities to understand future streamflow prediction

For large populations across the western U.S., water supply prediction relies centrally on knowledge of spring snow conditions, where snowpack can provide critical early warning of drought. As future temperatures rise and snowpack dwindles, the relationship between snow and streamflow is expected to shift. Recent research found that in the future, snowpack will be less predictive of drought in snowmelt-dominated systems in the western U.S.

In this three-year project, we will develop and evaluate new techniques for drought prediction in the Intermountain West and Pacific Northwest that go beyond exclusively snow-based prediction methods, harnessing alternative datasets to identify better ways to predict and respond to drought. A key innovation will be the use of Machine Learning tools to explore different models to improve current and future drought prediction.

This research seeks to incorporate the needs of western U.S. water management entities, considering regional characteristics and shifts to a warmer, less snow-dominated future climate. The team will collect direct input from regional water managers to help shape the modeling and Machine Learning work and assess the feasibility of alternative strategies.

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Integrating Hazard Mitigation Planning and Climate Planning in the Mountain West

Primary Investigator(s): S. Arens, R. Riley (SCIPP)
Other Investigator(s): B. Duncan
Stakeholders: Communities in Utah and the South-Central US

Leveraging RISA partnerships to support climate-informed hazard planning in Utah

WWA is well-positioned to support climate-informed hazard mitigation planning and the transition from planning to action. We are collaborating with a partner RISA program, the Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program (SCIPP), to build the capacity of state and local hazard mitigation efforts to incorporate climate into their natural hazards planning efforts, and to use those planning efforts to support actionable climate adaptation. The project will be completed in two phases: Phase 1 will focus on piloting SCIPP’s award-winning Simple Planning Tool in the WWA region, and Phase 2 will support the transition from hazard mitigation planning to actionable climate adaptation at multiple scales in both the SCIPP and WWA regions. This collaborative project will both transfer a tested tool across RISA regions, and build on each team’s research to contribute to scientific understanding of climate-informed hazard planning.

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Mapping Climate Services

Primary Investigator(s): E. McNie, A. Meadow (CLIMAS, University of Arizona)
Stakeholders:  NOAA Western Regional Collboration Team

Toward closing the gap between climate service providers and users

Adapting to climate change requires decision makers to have information in hand that is relevant to solve their problems, information that is salient, credible and legitimate. Decision makers, however, do not often have the information they need; perhaps they are unaware of existing useful information, get too much of the wrong kind of information, or have information needs that go unmet, leaving them to muddle through important decisions that could help people adapt to climate variability and change. Hundreds of organizations have been created or evolved to help create, translate and disseminate potentially useful climate information. Such “climate service organizations” exist in both public and private domains, at research universities and private organizations, and represent a wide variety of sectors. Unfortunately, potential users of climate information often do not know where to look for relevant information, nor are producers of climate information well-connected to potential users, resulting in a gap that separates the supply and demand of climate information. This project developed a database of climate-service organizations in the NOAA West region as a first attempt to bridge the gap between producers and users. Organizations were assigned attributes based on the sector in which they work, the types of information they provide, the service area covered, the type of sponsoring organization, and many others. The finished product is a searchable database that is open and usable by the public as well as a report that provides preliminary analysis of the findings from the database.

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Sustained climate assessment in the U.S. Southwest (2017-2019

Primary Investigator(s): B. Duncan, L. Dilling
Stakeholders:  Agencies that conduct assessment; RISA program; Climate service providers
Funding:  NOAA RISA Program

Evaluating sustained assessment activities in the Southwest US

WWA researchers are investigating opportunities for sustained assessment in the US Southwest region – an area that includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. The project is drawing on the broad existing capacity for climate assessment in the region, with the goal of connecting climate service providers and users to increase access to information and understanding of climate impacts in decision-making contexts. The project is developing recommendations for sustained assessment efforts in the region. It is being conducted in collaboration with partner RISAs CLIMAS (Climate Assessment for the Southwest) and CNAP (California-Nevada Climate Applications Program). Activities have also been integrated into the RISA Sustained Assessment Specialist network, resulting in the publication Learning from Successes (Grecni et al. 2019).

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Usability of Remotely Sensed Snowpack Data for Streamflow Forecasting and Water System Management

Primary Investigators: N. Molotch, J. Deems
Other Investigator(s): B. Livneh, M. Raleigh, J. Berggren, J. Lukas
Stakeholders: National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS), Uncompahgre Basin water managers Colorado Basin River Forecast Center

Using remotely sensed snowpack data to reduce negative impacts in water management

A key indicator of water availability, and the primary input to streamflow models, is April 1 snow water equivalent (SWE), which has historically been monitored from a network of in-situ SNOTEL observing sites across the West, but two remote-sensing-based approaches have recently been developed to complement and extend the SNOTEL network. In the first approach, used by Molotch and group, MODIS satellite snow-cover measurements along with a regression from historic SNOTEL data are combined to reconstruct SWE. In the second, used by Deems and group, airborne LIDAR measurements of snow depth are used to estimate SWE. This project will assess the usability of these spatial SWE products by water managers, and their potential to improve runoff forecasts. In summer 2016, phone interviews were conducted with water managers in the Uncompahgre River and Rio Grande basins to better understand how they have used snowpack data and runoff forecasts in their decision-making, especially managing for drought years and very wet years. Focusing on those recent years in which there were unusual snowpack and runoff conditions that were difficult to monitor, forecast, and prepare for, we will use the spatial SWE products and hydrologic model simulations to assess whether the new SWE products could have provided better information to prepare for those events. PI Molotch and K. Jennings have prepared MODIS data for the two basins to be used in hydrologic models. PI Deems has prepared ASO data from the Uncompahgre Basin for use in the models. K. Jennings leveraged high-resolution snow depth observations and snow water equivalent (SWE) estimates from NASA’s Airborne Snow Observatory (ASO) in order to quantify errors in current snow products. He found the large spatial scale of NLDAS-2 grid cells made the snow product unsuitable for use. Only 8 grid cells completely or partially overlapped the Uncompahgre River Basin and they often showed snow-free conditions when snow was still reported at the two aforementioned SNOTEL sites. Similarly, the SNODAS SWE product performed poorly relative to ASO data (Fig. 1). SNODAS typically overestimated subalpine SWE while significantly underestimating alpine SWE. We have also taken initial steps towards modeling SWE in the Uncompahgre using the Distributed Hydrology Vegetation Soil Model (DHSVM).

In 2020, PI Molotch began a new phase of this project. Through WWA-organized workshops, and via the Colorado Water Conservation Board’s Water Availability Task Force we have identified stakeholders that would like to fully integrate spatial SWE into their water forecasts. Products produced by CWEST-WWA for this study will be developed in conjunction with hydrologists at Denver Water with the aim of integrating modeled spatial SWE into their forecasting operations. Denver Water forecasters and university researchers will also investigate using the modeled products as a bridge to extend the reach of the smaller-footprint dataset produced by the Airborne Snow Observatory (ASO).

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Use of Potential Evapotranspiration to Predict Future Water Use

Primary Investigator: S. Arens
Stakeholders: Jordan Valley Water Conservancy District (JVWCD)
Partners: B. Forsythe, T. Schultz (JVWCD), C. Dewes

Using downscaled projections of future potential evapotranspiration to predict future water demand

This project will provide projections of potential evapotranspiration (PET), past trends in PET and its components to help JVWCD understand how water demand may change in the future. The Multivariate Adaptive Constructive Analog (MACA) downscaled climate dataset will be used to calculate PET for three future time periods. An analysis of past trends in PET, evaporation and the physical drivers of both processes will be conducted. A key component of future water demand is also the length of the outdoor watering season; projections of future temperatures and the growing degree day index will be used to characterize future changes in the length of the outdoor watering season. A model between observed PET and outdoor water use was developed. This model was then used to predict future outdoor water use based on projections of future PET. This study aims to inform long-term planning for JVWCD by giving estimates of how much outdoor water use may change due to changes in PET.

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VCAPS Project: Convening a series of climate adaptation workshops with communities in the Mountain West 

Authors & Facilitation Team: L. Dilling, K. Clifford, J. Lukas, S. Arens, S. Ehret, J. Henderson, U. Rick, B. Duncan, R. Page, I. Rangwala

Goal of VCAPS

Originally developed by the Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) RISA program and the Social Environmental Research Institute (SERI), VCAPS helps communities become more resilient to weather and climate change. More information.

VCAPS is designed to support communities to:

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